Physical Therapy for Jaw Pain Relief

jaw pain

Managing Jaw Pain: The Role of Physical Therapy in Alleviating TMJ Discomfort


Are you experiencing jaw pain? Jaw pain is a common issue, but it doesn’t have to disrupt your daily life. Physical therapy for jaw pain can help alleviate the discomfort associated with this condition. In this article, we will discuss physical therapy techniques and their benefits, what to expect during a typical physical therapy session, and how to practice self-care at home with exercises and tips.

Understanding Jaw Pain

Jaw pain, or temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ), is a condition that affects the jaw muscles and temporomandibular joints located in front of your ears. It can be caused by stress, injuries, misalignment of teeth or jaw structure, arthritis, dental work, and more. Symptoms of TMJ include pain in the jaw, neck, and shoulders; difficulty eating or opening your mouth fully; ringing in the ears; headaches; and clicking or popping sounds when you move your jaw.

Role of Physical Therapy

Physical therapy offers valuable benefits for individuals experiencing jaw pain. By reducing inflammation and enhancing mobility and alignment of the jaw joints, it plays a crucial role in managing temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders. With expertise in this area, physical therapists employ a range of effective treatments to alleviate pain and address associated symptoms, providing much-needed relief for those affected.

Through targeted interventions, physical therapists utilize their specialized knowledge to develop personalized treatment plans for TMJ-related concerns. These plans may involve techniques such as manual therapy, exercises to improve jaw muscle strength and flexibility, as well as recommendations for lifestyle modifications and stress management strategies. By addressing the root cause of the pain and comprehensively addressing the condition, physical therapy serves as a valuable approach to restore comfort, function, and overall well-being for individuals with jaw pain.

Physical Therapy Techniques

Interventions used by physical therapists for jaw muscle tension and mobility improvement:

  • Manual techniques (massage, joint mobilization, soft tissue manipulation, stretching): These techniques help reduce tension in the jaw muscles and improve mobility of the jaw joints.
  • Electrical stimulation: This intervention can help relax tight muscles in the jaw.
  • Exercise therapy: A physical therapist can design an individualized exercise program that will target specific muscle groups to reduce and manage symptoms.
  • Education: The physical therapist can provide education on self-management strategies, such as stress management techniques, stretches/exercises, proper posture and body mechanics, and the use of assistive devices (e.g., mouth guard).

These interventions aim to alleviate tension, improve mobility, and reduce pain in the jaw muscles and joints.

Benefits of Physical Therapy

Physical therapy for jaw pain can help to alleviate the discomfort associated with TMJ, improve mobility and alignment of the jaw joints, reduce inflammation in the area, and prevent further injury. In addition, physical therapy can help improve posture which can reduce stress on the jaw joints.

Typical Physical Therapy Session

The physical therapist will assess your condition and create a treatment plan tailored to meet your specific needs. During the session, the therapist may use manual techniques on joints and muscles in order to reduce tension and improve mobility. They may also recommend stretching exercises or other activities to improve posture and strength.

Home Exercises and Self-Care Tips

Physical therapists can provide you with exercises and self-care tips to ease jaw pain at home. Some examples of self-care tips include:

  • Avoiding hard or chewy foods
  • Using ice or heat for pain relief
  • Practicing relaxation techniques like deep breathing.


Physical therapy is an effective treatment option for those suffering from jaw pain associated with TMJ. Physical therapists can provide you with exercises and self-care tips to do at home in order to reduce pain and improve mobility of the jaw joints. With an individualized treatment plan, physical therapy can help alleviate pain and improve your quality of life.

If you are experiencing jaw pain due to TMJ or other causes, contact a physical therapist for a personalized assessment and treatment plan. A physical therapist can provide you with the tools needed to reduce pain and improve your quality of life.